Marxism scientifically expounds the connotation of the diversity of human civilization from the perspective of the dialectical relationship between productive forces and production relations, economic base and superstructure by using historical materialism. As a concept corresponding to barbarism and ignorance, civilization is the product of the development of social economy and human rationality to a certain extent. The diversity of human civilization reflects the characteristics and ways of social progress in various regions, ethnic groups and countries, and also reflects the richness and diversity of human social life. The overall content and value of world civilization are not only composed of the common values of various civilizations, but also enriched, integrated, promoted and developed by the colorful diversity of different civilizations. Human civilization is the unity of universality and diversity. Universality lies in diversity, and diversity cannot be separated from universality. Human civilization exists in diversity, develops in diversity and advances in diversity. Meng Ziyun: "The husband and things are not uniform, and the feelings of things are also; Or double, or a hundred, or ten million. " The diversity of civilization is the driving force for the progress of human civilization. It is precisely because of the diversity of civilizations that the world is full of vitality.
There is no distinction between high and low civilization and good and bad civilization. The exchange and mutual learning of civilizations requires respect for the unique value of each civilization and the inherent relevance between civilization and a specific nation and country. Chinese civilization is the only great civilization in the world that has continued to develop in the form of a state. It emphasizes unity and concentration, and it is firmly United even if it encounters major setbacks. In the historical changes, it has formed a common belief that the country is inseparable, the country is inseparable, the nation is inseparable, and civilization is unbreakable. Chinese civilization advocates traffic harmony and opposes isolation and occlusion; Advocate symbiosis and oppose self-reliance; Advocating harmony and opposing the law of the jungle. In today’s world, these unique values of Chinese civilization are of great significance to promoting the exchange and mutual learning of civilizations and promoting the historical overall progress of human civilization.
To build the modern civilization of the Chinese nation, we must have a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of the history of Chinese civilization. Only in this way can the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese excellent traditional culture be promoted more effectively, and the cultural construction of Socialism with Chinese characteristics can be promoted more effectively. The Chinese civilization with a long history has nurtured the precious spiritual character of the Chinese nation and cultivated the lofty value pursuit of the people of China. Never forget history to open up the future, and be good at inheritance to be good at innovation. To build the modern civilization of the Chinese nation, we must "create our own life according to the rules of the ancients", grasp the outstanding characteristics, grasp the essence, make the past serve the present and bring forth the new.
3. Strengthen cultural self-confidence and consolidate cultural subjectivity.
To build the modern civilization of the Chinese nation, we need to hold an open attitude, absorb excellent foreign cultures, promote the localization of foreign cultures, and promote the exchange and integration of different civilizations; On the other hand, we should strengthen our historical confidence and cultural confidence, base ourselves on the great historical practice and contemporary practice of the Chinese nation, profoundly grasp the development law of Chinese civilization, and constantly create new glories of Socialism with Chinese characteristics culture.
The modern civilization of the Chinese nation has turned from historical precipitation and realistic observation to future development, and innovation is the inevitable choice and the only choice. "Two combinations", especially "the second combination", is the innovative road for the development of modern civilization of the Chinese nation. "Two combinations" is innovation in itself, which opens up a broad space for theoretical and practical innovation. "The second combination" allows us to master the ideological and cultural initiative, "allowing us to make full use of the valuable resources of Chinese excellent traditional culture in a broader cultural space and explore future-oriented theoretical and institutional innovations". The modern civilization of the Chinese nation inherently contains the unity of inheritance and development. Inheritance is to continue the historical context, and development is to write the chapter of the times, which provides inexhaustible motive force for the evolution of civilization.
It is the key to build the modern civilization of the Chinese nation, stick to the standpoint of Chinese culture and stick to the road of cultural development in Socialism with Chinese characteristics. Emphasizing the position of Chinese culture is to highlight our cultural subjectivity. Any culture must have its own subjectivity in order to stand up and go far, and to have leading, cohesive, shaping and radiating power. Cultural confidence comes from our cultural subjectivity. With cultural subjectivity, there will be a firm self in the cultural sense, a fundamental support for cultural self-confidence, and a powerful cultural force leading the times in the Communist Party of China (CPC). On this basis, we can further broaden the vision of civilization, learn from all outstanding achievements of human civilization with an open mind, and draw excellent ideological and cultural resources from the "sum of human knowledge" to innovate and develop the party’s theory, so as to form an inclusive and comprehensive theoretical pattern. Therefore, we must speed up the construction of China’s discourse system and narrative system, tell the story of China well, spread the voice of China well, show the credible, lovely and respectable image of China, show the long history and humanistic details of Chinese civilization, and urge the world to understand China, China people, the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the Chinese nation. In-depth cultural exchanges and cooperation with other countries, extensive participation in the dialogue of world civilizations, deepening exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations, and promoting Chinese culture to the world better.