104-year-old mother and 81-year-old daughter make lanterns! Jiading’s "old children" have a Lantern Festival like this →

February 24 is the Lantern Festival, and the atmosphere of the Lantern Festival in Jiading streets is full. Various nursing homes in Jiading also bring joy to the "old children" by holding Lantern Festival activities.
Ma Lu Town Welfare Institute in Jiading held a public open day and Lantern Festival, our festival. The "old children" with an average age of 85 were busy making lanterns, solve riddles on the lanterns and watching performances, and they had a great time. Cheng Yueying, a 104-year-old old man, is the "longevity star" of the welfare home. She is making lanterns with her 81-year-old daughter.
Cheng Yueying told reporters that in the past, the conditions were poor, and I was very happy to eat a bowl of glutinous rice balls during the Lantern Festival. Now, there are countless activities such as solve riddles on the lanterns, making lanterns and watching performances. "When I was a child, I was bitter. I could have a bowl of glutinous rice balls for several days after the Lantern Festival, unlike everything now." Cheng Yueying said.
Daughter Zhang Dingfang introduced that when I was a child, every Lantern Festival, my mother would make New Year’s soup for herself and make rabbit lanterns. Now it’s my turn to spend the holidays with my mother, as if I had returned to my happy childhood.
In addition to solve riddles on the lanterns, lanterns and fun games, the volunteer team of literature and art also brought theatrical performances such as operas, and classic clips such as Shanghai Opera and Yue Opera were staged in turn, and the old children listened with relish. "There are singing and jumping, playing and eating, which is quite happy and lively." The old man Kang Mingjie said.
It is understood that this activity is one of the series of public open days. In recent years, Ma Lu Town Welfare Institute has held public open days in combination with folk festivals, so that family members and citizens can enter the nursing home, enjoy the festival with the elderly and learn about the daily life of the nursing home.
Written by: Yin Qinqin
Camera: Wang Jian

It is a textbook answer! In the future, the new energy vehicle replacement mode is clearly encouraged by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

Cctv newsRecently, at the press conference on the development of industrial communication industry in the first half of the year held by the State Council Office, Xin Guobin, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, gave a detailed introduction to the characteristics of new energy vehicles’ power exchange mode when answering a reporter’s question, which was clear in organization and could be called a textbook answer.

He believes that charging and changing electricity are both ways to supplement the energy of electric vehicles, each with its own advantages, its own application fields and consumer groups. At present, although new energy vehicles have made great progress, they are still in the early stage of industrial development. The technical route and business model are still being explored and changed. He suggested that everyone should support the innovative development of new technologies, new formats and new models, encourage enterprises to develop new charging and power exchange technologies, and explore the application of the mode of separation of vehicles and electricity to meet the needs of different markets.

Compared with the charging methods that you know more about, the power exchange mode also has its own characteristics. Xin Guobin can be summarized as follows.

First, the separation of vehicles and electricity can greatly reduce the cost of consumers buying cars.Now it is generally felt that new energy vehicles are relatively expensive, although the state has a subsidy policy. Moreover, the subsidy policy of this country has made it clear that the slope retreat will be completed by the end of this year. Due to the impact of the epidemic, it is decided to postpone the progress of slope retreat, and it can be extended for another period. Therefore, the separation of vehicle and electricity can greatly reduce the cost of car purchase for consumers.

Second, it can increase the convenience for consumers to travel.The time for changing batteries is even shorter than that for adding a tank of oil. Relevant comparisons show that, for example, if the power station is changed now, it takes less than 3 minutes for the car to drive in and out, and it takes 5 minutes or 8 minutes to add a tank of oil. Therefore, changing electricity is actually very convenient as long as you get used to it.

Third, the centralized monitoring, maintenance and management of batteries by battery operating companies is conducive to prolonging the life of power batteries and improving the safety of batteries.Consumers buy new energy vehicles, and many people just drive them, so the care, attention and maintenance of the vehicles are not so timely. In fact, the battery is also a very fragile component. In addition to the battery monomer, there is also the management problem of the battery pack, which requires high technical requirements and needs to be maintained and tested in time during use. Otherwise, there is a great risk during charging and one hour after charging. Once the thermal control and management are not good, deflagration may occur. Even with this problem, the spontaneous combustion rate of new energy vehicles is lower than that of traditional vehicles. Centralized management by battery operating companies can improve the safety of batteries. In fact, it is very important to change the concept. It is natural and normal for traditional cars to go to gas stations to refuel, so it should be possible for new energy vehicles and electric vehicles to change batteries and rent electricity.

The fourth is to use the difference between peak and valley electricity prices to reduce the charging cost.At present, new energy vehicles are often driven home to charge at night and charged at peak hours, so the price of electricity will be relatively high. If a battery operation company manages batteries, it can fully use the peak-valley preferential electricity price to charge, which can reduce the cost of renting batteries.

Fifth, we can consider how much electricity to rent that day according to the daily mileage.At present, the basic driving range of new energy electric vehicles is 400 kilometers, and a set of batteries in a car is six or seven hundred kilograms, which accounts for a high proportion of vehicle weight. In fact, most people don’t travel more than 50 kilometers a day. Imagine that if you want to run 50 kilometers today, you can rent 50 kilometers of batteries instead of carrying 400 kilometers of batteries, so the weight of the car will be greatly reduced and the power consumption will be greatly reduced. For the whole society, if everyone does this, it will be a great savings. If you are worried about how to rent 50 kilometers of electricity, as a battery operating company, you can do it if you want 50 kilometers and allocate 70 kilometers of electricity just in case there is a little problem.

There’s another way,It can solve the problem of difficult construction of charging piles in old communities.Now, there is still a concern for people to buy new energy vehicles. They live in an old community and need to build a charging pile. The voltage load in this community is not enough, so they can’t install it. When the charging pile company wants to install in this community, it encounters some problems, such as insufficient power load. Who will expand the capacity? Who will pay for the expansion? Therefore, it brings a series of problems. The construction of charging piles in old communities is a social problem and difficult to handle. Therefore, if the power exchange mode is adopted, this problem can be effectively solved.

Sixth, the power exchange model can also give birth to some new service formats.Nowadays, express delivery is very convenient. You can get to your side in 10 minutes by making a phone call. If the industry adopts the mode of changing electricity, engages in a tram and swims in the street, whoever proposes to change electricity must ensure that it will arrive within 10 minutes. In fact, there is no technical problem. This may give birth to some new service models.

Of course, there are still many problems to be solved to promote this power exchange mode. For example, the overall design of the vehicle, the battery box should be standardized and unified, there should be national standards, and the battery should also be standardized, whether it is soft or hard, square or cylindrical, the specifications should be standardized. In addition, the plug-in of batteries should also be standardized, which still needs further exploration.

However, from a technical point of view, there should be no major problems. Therefore, in the next step, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will continue to vigorously promote the construction of this charging and replacing infrastructure with relevant departments, further improve relevant technical standards and management policies, and encourage enterprises to develop battery replacement models according to usage scenarios. It will also support pilot projects in places like Beijing and Hainan to promote the high-quality development of new energy vehicles.

In this regard, some places are still moving faster, such as Beijing, where enterprises are ready to push this mode of power exchange. In some fields, such as buses in public transportation, some electric buses adopt the mode of changing electricity. In the field of taxis, some have adopted the electricity-changing mode. For example, after the taxis in Beijing adopted the electricity-changing mode, the order-taking rate increased by more than 30%, the driving mileage increased by nearly 30%, and the personal income of taxi drivers also increased by more than 30%.This is a very beneficial model for all parties.

In the next step, relevant departments will actively promote it. Xin Guobin also put forward an initiative. Welcome everyone to publicize these new things and new formats, give them more encouragement and support, let them mature at an early date, and make more contributions to the green development of the whole society.

Traffic Management Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security: On the second day of the New Year holiday, the national road traffic was stable and orderly.

This article is transferred from [CCTV];
CCTV News: According to the Traffic Management Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security, on the second day of the New Year holiday (December 31), the traffic safety situation was generally stable, and the main highways and national highways were smooth. As of 17: 00 today (December 31), there has been no long-distance traffic congestion in the country, and no road traffic accident with more than 5 deaths has been reported.
In accordance with the deployment requirements of the Ministry of Public Security, local public security traffic control departments have scientifically adjusted their service and police force in combination with local traffic flow, weather changes, travel characteristics, etc., taken targeted measures, strengthened the control of key time sections, strictly controlled serious traffic violations such as drunk driving and "three excesses and one fatigue", and made every effort to ensure the safe and smooth roads and the smooth travel of the people during the festival. In view of the adverse effects of foggy weather in some areas on traffic travel, the traffic control department of public security has strengthened coordination and linkage among departments, and taken corresponding measures such as speed limit and police cars taking lanes according to road traffic conditions to ensure traffic to the maximum extent and minimize road closures.
It is expected that the number of returning vehicles will increase tomorrow, and the traffic flow and people flow around the roads in the direction of returning to the city, the suburbs of the city and the tourist attractions will be more concentrated. According to the forecast of the Central Meteorological Observatory, from January 1 to 2, there will be small to medium snow or sleet in parts of northeastern Inner Mongolia, northwestern Heilongjiang, northern Xinjiang and eastern Tibet, and small to moderate rain in parts of Jianghan, Jiangnan, southwestern China and southern China. The Traffic Management Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security reminds drivers and friends to pay attention to the weather and road information before driving, arrange the travel time and route reasonably, and consciously travel safely, legally and civilly. In case of rain, snow, ice and fog, be sure to drive carefully, slow down and control the distance to prevent traffic accidents such as rear-end collision and rollover.

Promoting the construction of modern civilization of the Chinese nation through the exchange and mutual learning of civilizations





  Marxism scientifically expounds the connotation of the diversity of human civilization from the perspective of the dialectical relationship between productive forces and production relations, economic base and superstructure by using historical materialism. As a concept corresponding to barbarism and ignorance, civilization is the product of the development of social economy and human rationality to a certain extent. The diversity of human civilization reflects the characteristics and ways of social progress in various regions, ethnic groups and countries, and also reflects the richness and diversity of human social life. The overall content and value of world civilization are not only composed of the common values of various civilizations, but also enriched, integrated, promoted and developed by the colorful diversity of different civilizations. Human civilization is the unity of universality and diversity. Universality lies in diversity, and diversity cannot be separated from universality. Human civilization exists in diversity, develops in diversity and advances in diversity. Meng Ziyun: "The husband and things are not uniform, and the feelings of things are also; Or double, or a hundred, or ten million. " The diversity of civilization is the driving force for the progress of human civilization. It is precisely because of the diversity of civilizations that the world is full of vitality.



  There is no distinction between high and low civilization and good and bad civilization. The exchange and mutual learning of civilizations requires respect for the unique value of each civilization and the inherent relevance between civilization and a specific nation and country. Chinese civilization is the only great civilization in the world that has continued to develop in the form of a state. It emphasizes unity and concentration, and it is firmly United even if it encounters major setbacks. In the historical changes, it has formed a common belief that the country is inseparable, the country is inseparable, the nation is inseparable, and civilization is unbreakable. Chinese civilization advocates traffic harmony and opposes isolation and occlusion; Advocate symbiosis and oppose self-reliance; Advocating harmony and opposing the law of the jungle. In today’s world, these unique values of Chinese civilization are of great significance to promoting the exchange and mutual learning of civilizations and promoting the historical overall progress of human civilization.

  To build the modern civilization of the Chinese nation, we must have a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of the history of Chinese civilization. Only in this way can the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese excellent traditional culture be promoted more effectively, and the cultural construction of Socialism with Chinese characteristics can be promoted more effectively. The Chinese civilization with a long history has nurtured the precious spiritual character of the Chinese nation and cultivated the lofty value pursuit of the people of China. Never forget history to open up the future, and be good at inheritance to be good at innovation. To build the modern civilization of the Chinese nation, we must "create our own life according to the rules of the ancients", grasp the outstanding characteristics, grasp the essence, make the past serve the present and bring forth the new.

  3. Strengthen cultural self-confidence and consolidate cultural subjectivity.

  To build the modern civilization of the Chinese nation, we need to hold an open attitude, absorb excellent foreign cultures, promote the localization of foreign cultures, and promote the exchange and integration of different civilizations; On the other hand, we should strengthen our historical confidence and cultural confidence, base ourselves on the great historical practice and contemporary practice of the Chinese nation, profoundly grasp the development law of Chinese civilization, and constantly create new glories of Socialism with Chinese characteristics culture.


  The modern civilization of the Chinese nation has turned from historical precipitation and realistic observation to future development, and innovation is the inevitable choice and the only choice. "Two combinations", especially "the second combination", is the innovative road for the development of modern civilization of the Chinese nation. "Two combinations" is innovation in itself, which opens up a broad space for theoretical and practical innovation. "The second combination" allows us to master the ideological and cultural initiative, "allowing us to make full use of the valuable resources of Chinese excellent traditional culture in a broader cultural space and explore future-oriented theoretical and institutional innovations". The modern civilization of the Chinese nation inherently contains the unity of inheritance and development. Inheritance is to continue the historical context, and development is to write the chapter of the times, which provides inexhaustible motive force for the evolution of civilization.

  It is the key to build the modern civilization of the Chinese nation, stick to the standpoint of Chinese culture and stick to the road of cultural development in Socialism with Chinese characteristics. Emphasizing the position of Chinese culture is to highlight our cultural subjectivity. Any culture must have its own subjectivity in order to stand up and go far, and to have leading, cohesive, shaping and radiating power. Cultural confidence comes from our cultural subjectivity. With cultural subjectivity, there will be a firm self in the cultural sense, a fundamental support for cultural self-confidence, and a powerful cultural force leading the times in the Communist Party of China (CPC). On this basis, we can further broaden the vision of civilization, learn from all outstanding achievements of human civilization with an open mind, and draw excellent ideological and cultural resources from the "sum of human knowledge" to innovate and develop the party’s theory, so as to form an inclusive and comprehensive theoretical pattern. Therefore, we must speed up the construction of China’s discourse system and narrative system, tell the story of China well, spread the voice of China well, show the credible, lovely and respectable image of China, show the long history and humanistic details of Chinese civilization, and urge the world to understand China, China people, the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the Chinese nation. In-depth cultural exchanges and cooperation with other countries, extensive participation in the dialogue of world civilizations, deepening exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations, and promoting Chinese culture to the world better.




Beauty circles a new rule, and the whole network is popular just to divide "bone appearance" or "skin appearance"?

Recently, there are new popular words in the beauty circle. Have you learned "skin makeup" and "skin makeup"?

todayRepresentative of the avatar class of beauty editing, let’s talk about it. Do you need to distinguish between skin and bone in makeup?

It is said that beauty lies in the skin, and in the matter of being able to resist aging and looking good, the beauty of the bones has more advantages than the beauty of the skin. For example, Ma Yili and Ni Ni are typical "beauty of the bones", and the beauty of the whole is greater than the beauty of the details.

The facial makeup mentioned on the Internet is also based on the facial features, focusing on enlarging the outline and lines of the face, while the facial makeup sense is subtraction, using highlights and repairing capacity to highlight the three-dimensional sense and fluency of a large area of the face. Pay attention to the beauty of the atmosphere, the overall exquisite and advanced, and the local colors are simpler.

For example, NiNi’s sense of makeup is more "bone makeup", and her facial color is very light, and her overall facial contour is prominent. At a glance, she can see the three-dimensional T-zone and smooth jaw line in her face, and she is comfortable and generous with her hairstyle and clothing.

Liu Wen’s light make-up also belongs to the rule of "make-up based on bones", while Liu Wen’s bones are very three-dimensional, which is reinforced by makeup. The light and shade are distinct, and the eyebrows with a three-dimensional shape stand the proportion of the five senses, and the eye makeup and lip makeup are light and visible to the naked eye.

Elaine Zhong also took care of "facial makeup". The whole atmosphere was beautiful, and the facial makeup was not very thick and heavy, but the features of her face were magnified one by one.
Speaking of "facial makeup" here, I have to mention Mao Geping’s magical "head-changing technique". He pays great attention to the sense of facial contour, uses makeup to adjust the proportion of facial features, and uses shadows to shape the three-dimensional sense of the face and even change the direction of facial bones.

This kind of makeup technique can turn 30+ Liu Xiaoqing into an 18-year-old girl, but this kind of makeup feeling is more suitable for shaping film and television characters, which is not everyday and depends on the lighting of TV series.

In daily life, people with excellent physiognomy are more suitable for physiognomy make-up. It is precisely because their overall facial skin is very thin, lines are strengthened and details are weakened, which can maximize her facial features, and generally, her physiognomy is more mature and attractive, so a clean and concise makeup can better multiply her temperament and sense of high class, and firmly hold the overall atmosphere beauty.
The concept of "skin makeup" is contrary to skin makeup, which highlights the details of the five senses, focusing on eye makeup, lip makeup and blush. The overall facial color is presented in a more rounded way, which can make facial lines softer and smoother, and make the whole look younger and more lovely.

Kiku’s makeup is definitely the best example. She uses long eyelashes, long eyeliner and layered eye shadow to create doll-like big eyes. At present, her blush is decorated in circles, her lips are as full and plump as possible, and the front is very delicate. This kind of makeup is more intense and closer to the aesthetic feeling of "comic face".

Nana Ou-yang’s "pure desire for makeup" is also called "skin-deep makeup", because Navi itself is a very young appearance, with big eyes and a fleshy nose. This kind of facial features is not aggressive and softer. Therefore, in makeup, she didn’t deliberately emphasize the three-dimensional sense, which would not be suitable for herself, and she was more suitable for showing the exquisite beauty of the five senses.

Zhao Lusi is also a "skin-deep beauty" with full facial fat. Her makeup is not strong in color, but her makeup highlights the dullness of her five senses, perfectly showing her own advantages, and her eyes are particularly beautiful when she smiles.
It is true that "skin makeup" and "skin makeup" have completely different emphases, but in fact, this distinction is more like a summary of makeup with different looks, because by carefully analyzing the makeup of each star, they actually don’t find a standard makeup model, but more of a makeup rule that suits them and magnifies their advantages. If the petrography is more advantageous, then it will highlight the sense of outline and three-dimensional sense. If you look younger and are more suitable for strengthening the five senses, you should go to the exquisite beauty of the five senses.

In the final analysis, no matter temperament, face value or makeup, there should be no standards, let alone be defined as standards. If you blindly pursue standards, you will easily fall into the trap of appearance anxiety and body anxiety, but you will lose your recognition and confidence.

So, find your own characteristics, enlarge your own characteristics, show your best side and recognize yourself. Whether it is "skin makeup" or "skin makeup", we can’t be limited. The sense of outline and exquisite facial features can also be completely combined. Any makeup rule serves your appearance. The two are not antagonistic and separated, but complement each other.

Qiu Tian’s sense of high-class is natural, with exquisite facial features and three-dimensional bones. Therefore, in makeup, the facial contour is given priority, and the eyebrows are exquisite enough to look good without too much modification. A touch of red lips can enhance the aura of the whole makeup. Paying attention to less makeup is more, which is also the essence of high-grade makeup.

YCY’s face is small and three-dimensional, and her skin looks perfect. At the same time, she is also full of youthfulness and vitality. She is still very young, and she is also more suitable for this kind of girlish way of opening. Therefore, in her makeup, she combines "skin makeup" with "skin makeup", making a little repair, and more highlights are on her facial features.

Elaine Zhong’s face is really suitable for all ways of opening. The light makeup is fresh and refined, and the heavy makeup is bright and pretty. This party red is very suitable for parties, New Year’s parties, etc., and the whole party is amazing. Choosing makeup also depends on matching different clothes and going to different occasions.

Any fashion is temporary, so you don’t have to worry about all kinds of makeup rules that are popular all over the network. Can you learn that any beautiful opening method should be suitable for you, refuse to be anxious about your face value, and being yourself is the most beautiful!

Source: weibo, gif source network

New NBA season East team record ranking forecast: 76 people topped the list, and Pacers continued to rot.

1,76 people (one of the favourites to win the championship. If Harris performs better, he will still have the strength to win the first place)

2. Bucks (every year is not bad, Brother Alphabet has evolved again, and his performance is still excellent, but the first three problems are not serious)

3, Cavaliers (Garland is excellent, Mitchell’s joining is worth looking forward to)

4, Celtics (last season’s runner-up, Rex Rabbit Brown just needs to be steady)

5. Eagle (Blowing Yang Murray cappella, the combination of the new Big Three, is quite optimistic about this young man Okongwu)

6, Bulls (Azan’s middle distance is steady, Raven’s play is the factor that determines the team’s upper limit, and there is definitely no problem in the playoffs)

7. Nets (Durant Owen is full of strength and appreciation, but the Nets defense is slightly poor, and there is no good chemical reaction. Simmons’ shooting is really worrying. I hope the Nets can fight for some gas this season)

8. The Heat (Rebahiro is steady every game, and there are the star Butler and veteran Lori. Although they don’t like Butler’s way, the Heat can’t be underestimated)

9, Raptors (maybe many people think that Raptors are given a low price, but this is the position of Raptors in my heart. I don’t think Raptors are fierce and will definitely play the play-offs)

10, Knicks (Barrett is gradually growing up, Miro’s inside line is also playing well, and flattening is also full of impact)

11. Wizards (the contract is a bit bigger than the boss’s, and if Poseidon is in good condition, he can enter the play-offs)

12. Hornets (it shouldn’t have been this position, and at worst, it would have played a play-off. Unfortunately, bridges can’t play, and three goals have just been injured. It’s estimated that this season is a waste)

13. Magic (Banchero has great potential, and Cole Anthony and Wagner are playing more and more mature, but they are still too young to compete with most teams, but they may play a few good games by the impact of youth)

14. Pacers (On the 6th show, Marceline did play OK, and Turner’s ability value showed a downward trend. Let’s compete for zebra this season)

15. Pistons (bagley is injured, Sadikbe is OK but unstable. Personally, I think Cunningham has a little water, which is far from Hanako’s, and it is not like the second place in the current session)

What do you think of the ranking in the East in the new season? Welcome to discuss in the comment area.

Urban governance rule of law: take the "Shanghai Domestic Waste Management Regulations" as an example

Since the reform and opening up, the urban management of Shanghai can be divided into three stages: the initial stage of reform and opening up to 2000, the construction management is cracked by solving the "three difficulties" (difficulty in transportation, housing difficulties, and environmental difficulties). With people -oriented, management as the first, safety as the first, to welcome the "Expo" event and consolidate "comprehensive management" as the main task; since 2017, it has entered refined management to make good use of the "three hearts and one needle" (embroidery -like " Carefulness, patience, excellence, and embroidery needle), build four beams and eight pillars.

After more than forty years of practice and exploration, Shanghai has accumulated rich experience in the process of dealing with various complex problems operating in large cities, and conducted a comprehensive exploration in the refinement of urban management.

In 2021, the Shanghai Housing and Urban -Rural Development Management Committee organized the writing "Exploration and Practice Series of the Construction of" People’s City "in the New Era". Strengthen the refined work of urban management and promote the exploration and practice of people’s urban construction. The book uses the four main "needle methods": rule of law, standardization, intelligence, and socialization (fourizations), combined with cases to detailed how Shanghai performs refined management.

In the chapter of the "rule of the rule of law" the "warning line" of urban management, the writing group cuts in from the legislative, revision, law enforcement and law popularization of the city management field in Shanghai, analyzes the application of the rule of law thinking in the management process, and confirms the construction of the rule of law. Fundamental role in urban management. We have edited some of the contents of this chapter, explained the necessity of rule of law in urban management, and selected one of the most representative cases in order to readers.

For a long time, Shanghai has always regarded the rule of law as an important cornerstone of the construction of governance systems and governance capabilities, based on the management needs of oversized cities, and continuously refining and optimizing the guarantee of legal systems.

In early 2021, driving into the Fenhu Daokou of the G50 Shanghai -Chongqing High Speed ??Speed ??and entering the boundary of Shanghai, Mr. Lin, who was sitting in the co -driver, received a text message- "The Regulations on the Administration of Shanghai Public Health Emergency" will be implemented on November 1, 2020. Everyone is responsible for preventing and controlling and controlling it according to law. Strengthen self -health management, strengthen self -protection awareness, wash hands, divide hands, use public chopstick spoons. Enter the airport, railway station, bus, subway and other public places to wear masks as required to maintain social distance ""

"It is illegal to wear a mask in Shanghai in public places." Mr. Lin turned his head and told his friends and took out the mask from his pocket.

The "Regulations on the Administration of Public Health Emergency" clearly stipulates that during the popularity of respiratory infectious diseases, entering public places should be worn in accordance with the requirements and maintain a social distance. Today, wearing a mask in public places is not only a civilized habit, but also a legal obligation that Shanghai citizens should adhere to.

How to use the rule of law thinking and the rule of law to regulate the public order of the city, so that the law can be dependent on, and the law is based on the law. It is an inevitable requirement and important content of the construction and management of modern cities. From the perspective of the refined goals of urban management, the accuracy and effectiveness of management methods should meet the basic requirements of standardized implementation, and the standardization of the means requires the establishment, sound, and perfect legal and regulatory system to enhance the particle size and refinement of legal resources With high rigorous rules and the spirit of the rule of law, it provides a solid institutional foundation and exquisite behavioral guidance for the efficient operation of urban management. On the one hand, we can rule the people and the people in accordance with the law, and use laws and regulations to restrict the behavior of citizens; on the other hand, in accordance with the right to rule, govern officials, regulate the behavior of government agencies and their public officials, and use laws and regulations to control the exercise of public power. It can be said that the process of continuous improvement of the rule of law in urban management itself is an important practice of the concept of "the people of the people’s city and the people’s city for the people".

The standardization of management methods is also conducive to overcoming the disadvantages of sports and empirical governance, and improving the long -term and stability of urban governance. The content of the standardized management methods also includes the clear division of the rights and obligations of various types of public affairs and the supply of public services, and the determination of organizational management and operating rules provides behavioral specifications for various governance subjects, and provides public rights of the public. Standards and basis, guide urban management laws and regulations to become social consensus and behavioral rules.

For the government, the rule of law of management methods lies in clarifying its responsibilities and their behavioral standards, accelerating the transformation of government functions, and promoting the original inherent leadership decision -making government to the legal decision -making government through the construction of the rule of law. For citizens, as the main body of the city, citizens have the right to also obliges to improve the literacy and legal awareness of the rule of law, can establish reasonable expectations for administrative processes and management effects, and achieve effective supervision of public administration. It can be seen that the rule of law is the core symbol of urban competitiveness and the dazzling business card for urban governance.

The ideal state of rule of law is "the law can be prohibited, and the law is prohibited without authorization." To achieve this goal, the lack of legislation, law enforcement, and law general law is indispensable. Especially for Shanghai with the inheritance of sea -faction culture, its regional culture itself has a basis for contract civilization.

Shanghai is the first city in the country to implement garbage classification. From July 1, 2019 to the present, it has formed a situation of Shanghai demonstration and onlookers in the country. For Shanghai, legislation is both the task required by superiors, but also the endogenous demand generated by garbage classification to a certain stage. Up to now, the "Regulations on the Management of Shanghai Municipal Lomitic waste" have been implemented for more than two years, and the garbage classification has entered the daily life of each Shanghai person. It shows the civilization of the city.

Case: Fine Management -Taking the "Regulations on the Management of Shanghai Municipal Links" as an example

From 2005 to 2010, the average annual growth rate of Shanghai’s domestic waste was about 3%, the average annual growth rate from 2011-2017 was 4%, and the annual growth rate after 2014 reached 5%. And the traditional garbage treatment method, whether it is incineration or landfill, will bring obvious problems: occupying tens of thousands of acres of land, mosquito flies fly chaotic, sewage overflows, smells of the sky, seriously pollute the soil and groundwater environment … The number of garbage is still threatening the lives of various wild animals, and the garbage in rivers and oceans invades the habitat of aquatic creatures, causing them to die by mistake and even species extinction. At the same time, the two evils brought by the waste incineration are one of the most deadly toxic substances on the earth. After the incineration is discharged and discharged, it can diffuse from a long distance. Once the pollutants enter the human body, they will stay for a long time and eventually cause cancer. "Garbage siege" has been "under the city."

Promoting garbage classification can effectively improve the efficiency of garbage treatment, reduce treatment costs, reduce land consumption and environmental pollution, drive circular economy, save resources, and turn waste into treasures, and have the benefits of social, economic and ecological aspects. However, in order to do a good job of domestic waste, we must change people’s behavior habits and require a long -term process. Refined governance of domestic garbage in other countries often go through decades or even longer efforts. Therefore, the legislative work of the garbage classification is not only the need to mobilize the entire force, but also the most powerful education and guidance of this work and the most powerful education and control.

On the basis of a large -scale questionnaire survey and full review, Shanghai people have reviewed and approved the "Shanghai Municipal Home Wurns Management Regulations" greater than January 2019. It is announced that it will be officially implemented on July 1, 2019. Enter the "hard constraint" era.

The legislation clarified several priorities in Shanghai’s garbage classification work. One is how to divide it? Shanghai has been exploring garbage classification since the 1990s. After several changes, in 2011, it was determined to be recyclable, harmful garbage, wet garbage, and dry garbage. During the review of the regulations, the Standing Committee of the Municipal People’s Congress designed a set of questionnaires for the general public, and the results showed that most citizens expressed their recognition of the "four -point method".

Shanghai domestic waste classification and launch guide

Who will control it? At the three levels of the city, district, and streets, the regulations stipulate the management model of "combination and block", and clarify the work content of the street office and the township people’s governments. One by one. For example, units and individuals who generate domestic waste are the responsible subjects of classification and distribution. They should put domestic waste to the corresponding collecting containers; each launching point shall establish a classification and distribution management responsible person to clarify their rights and obligations; For garbage, the receiving unit can refuse to receive it. If it does not make corrections within the time limit, it can be fined.

The third is how to do the source reduction? The regulations include specific matters including promoting product packaging materials and reduction of express packaging. For example, hotels must not take the initiative to provide disposable daily necessities, catering service providers and catering distribution service providers must not proactively provide free disposable chopsticks, puffing and other tableware. In Shanghai, when using APP such as "Hungry" or "Meituan", each merchant must provide special tableware options and give reminders to "provide on -demand".

Fourth, how to achieve "closed loop" management? The regulations strictly standardize and transport and transport, and clarify that the receiving units must use special vehicles and ships to implement closed transportation. Realization of the whole process.

After the "Shanghai Municipal Domestic Waste Management Regulations" was officially implemented, a public account article entitled "A picture to understand Shanghai’s domestic garbage classification" was crazy "swipe the screen" in the circle of friends. Someone teased that the "magic people" was "mad" by the garbage classification. Every morning, when they went out, they had to accept the soul torture of "what garbage was".

Mobilization and ridicule, but if you go to the community and ask "whether the garbage classification is good", even the seventh or eighty -year -old grandma will answer you: "Okay! Now the environment is so serious, Allah is obliged to contribute to environmental protection." Since the implementation of more than two years, garbage classification has entered the daily life of every Shanghai people. Everyone is proud of "division", ashamed of "indiscriminate".

Observing all corners of Shanghai, you can find many places that are changing because of garbage classification: Located on the coast of the East China Sea and 70 kilometers from the southeast of the city center -this "digestion" of about 50%of the domestic garbage terminal treatment in Shanghai The landfills have become the ecological protection display window of green surroundings; Xinyixiu Village, which has achieved "wet garbage cannot be out of the community", Aunt Hou voted to the wet garbage in the community’s trash tank, and the intensive processing of intelligent equipment was treated with concentrated treatment 4 hours later, it became organic fertilizer, and was taken home by Aunt Hou to raise flowers. At the Century Lianhua Luban shop after the "Plastics Limit Order", the counter was carefully prepared on the counter. Packing for customers to use …

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Xinyu Liu Village "Wet garbage does not get out of the community"

The changes that occurred in factories, communities, supermarkets, and landfills are the true portrayal of the participation and control of the whole people. As of the end of 2020, Shanghai has initially established a full -process classification system to achieve 100%harmless treatment of domestic garbage. Both residential and unit domestic waste classification standards have doubled more than 95%, and the recycling rate of domestic waste resources has reached 38%. Garbage classification makes Shanghai more livable and more temperature.Please clickhereOr scan the code to buy to understand the exploration of refined city management in Shanghai: